Rights in Exile Programme

Refugee Legal Aid Information for Lawyers Representing Refugees Globally

Saudi Arabia - COI

Click here to see the host countries of refugees originating from Saudi Arabia.

Judge Bruce J. Einhorn (ret.) (LGBTI)

Professor of Law, Pepperdine University
Director, Pepperdine Asylum and Refugee Law Clinic
Tel: (310) 506-4416
Of Counsel, Wolfsdorf Immigration Law Group
Tel: (310) 570-4088
Email: bjejudgeataol [dot] com

Judge Einhorn is a member of the ABA National Commission on Immigration and a Lifetime National Commissioner of the Anti-Defamation League. He does extensive work on Egypt, Saudi Arabia (e.g., gays and Shiites there), Syria, Yemen, and Jordan.

Dr Rebwar Fatah

Email: rebwaratmideastconsultancy [dot] com or infoatmideastconsultancy [dot] com

Dr Rebwar Fatah is the founder and Managing Director of MECS. He has extensive knowledge of the Middle East and North Africa, and of Western involvement in that region. Dr Fatah has been working as a Middle East expert since 2000, and has produced hundreds of reports for court purposes. Dr Fatah's reports have been cited in over two thousand immigration appeals, as well as family and criminal cases in which his expertise has been accepted. A number of media outlets and professional bodies also rely on his opinion, as well as IOM, UNHCR, and national government bodies. Dr Fatah’s commercial and financial knowledge of the Middle East and the western market, coupled with his deep knowledge of technology and its implementation makes him unique in his field. He regularly visits the Middle East conducting fact-finding missions to ensure that his knowledge is up to date and based on reliable information. Dr Fatah speaks most of the Middle Eastern languages as well as their various dialects. Dr Fatah’s Country Expert Reports cover a wide range of issues, including general security (examining the actions of state and non-state actors) and sufficiency of protection, crimes of honour, healthcare, corruption, employment markets, and at-risk groups of different sexual, religious, political and cultural profiles.

Dr Shaul Gabbay

Email: gabbayatmuslimworldexpert [dot] com

Dr Shaul Gabbay acts as a resource for immigration attorneys seeking advice, counsel and expert testimony in asylum cases. Formerly the Executive Director of the Institute for the Study of Israel in the Middle East at the University of Denver, he has published extensively on cultures and customs in all Muslim countries, persecution issues based on family dishonor, gender and homosexuality, and sociology and politics of the Muslim world. Professor Gabbay’s expertise helps immigration attorneys and judges understand key societal issues and trends in the Muslim world that have life-threatening repercussions for Muslim immigrants throughout the U.S. at risk of deportation. His oral testimony and written analysis draws on his extensive knowledge and examination of cultural practices in Muslim countries as well as his life experience growing up in the Middle East. More information is on his website  www.muslimworldexpert.com.

Hugh Miles

Email: mailathughmiles [dot] com

Hugh Miles is an investigative journalist specialising in the Middle East and North Africa. He has worked for a wide variety of media including the BBC, CNN, Al Jazeera, the Guardian, the Telegraph, Independent and more. Hugh is the author of two books, 'Al Jazeera: How Arab TV News Challenged the World' (published Jan 2005) and 'Playing Cards in Cairo' (April 2008). He has contributed to several other publications. Since 2005 Hugh has been a Contributing Editor of the American University in Cairo’s media journal. He has acted as an expert witness in more than twenty asylum cases. He lives in Cairo.

Dr George Joffé

Tel: +44 20 76 04 30 27
Email: emailatgeorgejoffe [dot] com / Skype: george.joffe

Professor Joffé is prepared to provide country of origin experts witness statements for Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morroco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. He is now retired but is still affiliated to the London Middle East Institute at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. Until 2017, Professor Joffé was an affiliated lecturer at the Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) in the University of Cambridge, where he also ran the Centre for North African Studies. From 2005 to 2010, he was a research fellow at the Centre of Islamic Studies at the University of Oxford. From 1997 to 2000, Professor Joffé was the deputy-director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London. He regularly addresses professional audiences at the NATO Defence College in Rome, the Geneva Centre for Security Policy in Geneva, the Norwegian Foreign Ministry and NOREF in Oslo and the Royal College of Defence Studies in London. He has also advised the European Commission (DG Relex), EuropAid and the new External Action Service.

Dr Alan George

Email: arg1atcompuserve [dot] com

Dr George is a consultant, writer and journalist, with extensive knowledge of the Middle East. Since 1984 he has worked as a freelance journalist, researcher and expert witness in political asylum cases involving the Middle East. He frequently commentates on Middle Eastern affairs for radio and television, and contributes to the Observer, the Independent and the Guardian. He is a former Head of Research at the Arab-British Chamber of Commerce and a former Assistant Director of the Council for the Advancement of Arab-British Understanding (CAABU). Since 2003, Dr George has acted as an Expert Witness for UK, US and European asylum and immigration tribunals, dealing with cases involving Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Libya, Lebanon and the Palestinian territories and has produced some 4,000 reports.

Dr Zubair Iqbal

Email: zubair [dot] iqbal45atgmail [dot] com

Dr Zubair Iqbal is an adjunct scholar at the Middle East Institute, and has coordinated projects on the factors underlying the democratic movement in the Arab world, and outlook for the future. Prior to joining the MEI in 2008, Dr. Zubair Iqbal worked with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for thirty five years, retiring in 2007 as Assistant Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department. Before joining the IMF, Iqbal worked as Senior Research Fellow, Department of Economics, Islamabad University, Islamabad, Pakistan. At the IMF, Iqbal held multiple postings ranging from those for the development of macroeconomic and exchange and trade policies for adjustment and growth in member countries, strategies for IMF-member country relations, design of adjustment programs for the balance of payments assistance and technical support. During the last two decades at IMF, Dr iqbal's primary focus was on the Middle Eastern and Central Asian countries, including as mission leader to 16 countries, both oil producers and oil importers. In addition to operational work, Iqbal conducted and guided research in trade policy issues, role and effectiveness of foreign aid, external debt, Islamic banking and finance, regional integration (primarily in the Middle East), and transition from oil dependence to more diversified economies. In the process, he wrote or edited 5 books and over forty articles in the IMF and external research publications. He also served as senior advisor to the Saudi Arabian Executive Director to the IMF.

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