(See Below for Case Law, Evidence of Public Attitudes, NGOs that Assist or Advocate on LGBTI issues, and Country of Origin LGBTI Specialists)
Equatorial Guinea does not have any laws criminalizing people on the basis of their sexual orientation.
The Equatorial Guinean constitution commits to following the ‘principles of international law’ (Item 8). While it makes ‘all acts of partiality or discrimination committed on the basis of tribe, gender, religion, and corruption and other or same’ punishable by law, (Item 15), there is no explicit mention of protection against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
No case law could be found, but we welcome suggestions regarding LGBTI cases from Equatorial Guinea.
PUBLIC ATTITUDES AND/OR STATE'S CAPACITY TO PROTECT
A 2011 Freedom House report described Equatorial Guinea as one of ‘the world’s most repressive societies’. It describes Equatorial Guinea as having a ‘deplorable human rights record’ and one of the highest levels of corruption in the world. The country has severely limited freedoms of assembly and association, nongovernmental organisations are restricted and rarely focus on civil and political rights, and the partisan judiciary and security forces provide little protection under the law. The report accused the Obiang regime of ‘widespread human rights abuses, including torture, detention of political opponents, and extrajudicial killings’.
The U.S. Secretary of State 2012 Country Report on Human Rights Practices notes that ‘societal stigmatisation and traditional discrimination’ against homosexual men and women continues to be a problem and that ‘the government made little effort to combat it.’ The report suggests that this stigmatisation explains the lack of acceptance for ‘LGBT lifestyles’, an absence of active organisations supporting the LGBTI community, and a likely underreporting of abuse.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs)
We do not currently list any NGOs working with LGBTI persons in Equatorial Guinea, but welcome suggestions.
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN SPECIALISTS
We do not currently list any specialists on LGBTI issues in Equatorial Guinea, but welcome suggestions.
Researched by Kate Schofield
katealexschofieldgmail [dot] com